Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is a flowering plant species of the Cucurbitaceae family and the name of its edible fruit. A scrambling and trailing vine-like plant, it is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, with more than 1,000 varieties.

Watermelon contains phytochemicals such as lycopene, vitamin C, β-carotene, and Total polyphenolic content that possess anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and antioxidant properties. Dietary intake of these products with antioxidants properties is important in maintaining human health and well-being.Watermelon is nutritious Watermelon is the perfect sweet treat that is nutritious and tasty. One cup of watermelon contains: 46 calories 12 grams of carbohydrates 865 international units (IU) of vitamin A — (equates to .26 milligrams) 12 milligrams of vitamin C 170 milligrams of potassium 0.1 milligrams of vitamin B6 Zero fat, cholesterol or sodium Vitamin A is important for skin and eye health. Vitamin B6 helps your body break down the protein you eat, and is also important for the immune system and nerve function. Vitamin C helps strengthen the immune system and aids in the absorption of iron. Potassium is helpful in lowering blood pressure and is important for nerve function as well. Watermelon hydrates As its name states, 92% of watermelon consists of water. No wonder it's the most common melon eaten in America and is perfect for staying refreshed and hydrated on a hot summer day.